On July 20, 1969, the Apollo 11’s Lunar Module landed on the moon – in the spaceflight were two humans – Commander Neil Armstrong and lunar module pilot Buzz Aldrin, both Americans. Six hours 39 minutes later, on July 21 at 02:56 UTC, Neil Armstrong became the first human to step on the surface of the moon; Aldrin joined 19 minutes later. They spent about two and a quarter hours together outside the spacecraft, and collected 47.5 pounds (21.5 kg) of lunar material to bring back to Earth. Command module pilot Michael Collins flew the command module Columbia in a lunar orbit while they were on the Moon’s surface.
The Apollo 11 mission occurred eight years after President John F. Kennedy (1917-1963) announced a national goal of landing a man on the moon by the end of the 1960s. Apollo 17, the final manned moon mission, took place in 1972.
50 years after the first landing, the United States, under the Presidency of Donald Trump, has decided to step up their space program. On December 11, 2017, Trump signed Space Policy Directive 1, a change in national space policy that provides for a U.S. led, integrated program with private sector partners for a human return to the Moon, followed by missions to Mars and beyond.